Data Visualizations

Data Visualizations via ManyEyes (IBM):

This Word Tree visualization shows that in all the Fox News transcripts analyzed for coverage of the 2008 election in Pakistan, the word "terror" was used 101 times, in the ways "mapped" by the "tree."

The research teams used IBM’s Collaborative User Experience platform ManyEyes to create three types of data visualizations:

  • Bar Graphs – tracked the frequency of terms used by each news outlet
  • Stacked Graphs – illustrated the aggregated use by all news outlets of various terms of reference.
  • Word Trees – collated every article/transcript used in the study allowing an analysis of word selection by each news outlet

In addition, for a further evaluation of the coverage of individual news outlets – specifically the use of specific clusters of terms – the research teams used a fourth kind of ManyEyes visualization.

  • Phrase Nets – diagramed the relationships between different words used in the stories

The evaluation of the coverage was expedited and made considerably more efficient through the ManyEyes tools. Links to the spreadsheets and the ManyEyes visualizations are embedded in the analysis on this site. Note that the data visualizations, housed on the ManyEyes site are dynamic and can be manipulated online.

Note too that this research study’s use of the online ManyEyes platform makes the research and analysis of this study more transparent than any other similar known study.  All the data sets are available online, and visitors to this site can confirm the research teams’ evaluations.

In addition visitors to this site can use our open data sets to create their own studies. If, for example, a visitor wanted to evaluate more specifically how the media we studied spoke about gender and elections or wanted to investigate how these media outlets sourced their stories, those new studies could easily build on this current one.

It is our hope that other researchers do build on what we have done – and further it is our hope that this transparency in research becomes the standard not only in academe, but from governments, think tanks and international organizations.  In an era when many are advocating for more Open Source practices in IT development and production, we believe that research should be openly sourced and shared as well.

IRAQ 2010

Word Trees:

  1. Al Jazeera
  2. Christian Science Monitor
  3. Washington Post
Bar Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

Stacked Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

AFGHANISTAN 2009

Word Trees:

  1. Al Jazeera
  2. Christian Science Monitor
  3. Washington Post
Bar Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

Stacked Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

IRAN 2009

Word Trees:

  1. Al Jazeera
  2. Christian Science Monitor
  3. Washington Post
Bar Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

Stacked Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

PAKISTAN 2008

Word Trees:

  1. Al Jazeera
  2. Christian Science Monitor
  3. Washington Post
Bar Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

Stacked Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family

IRAQ 2005

Word Trees:

  1. Christian Science Monitor
  2. Washington Post:
    November-December,
    and January.
Bar Graphs

  1. Gender & Family

Stacked Graphs:

  1. Gender & Family